TY - JOUR

T1 - On using experimentally estimated wall shear stresses to validate numerically predicted results

AU - Walsh, M.

AU - McGloughlin, T.

AU - Liepsch, D. W.

AU - O'Brien, T.

AU - Morris, L.

AU - Ansari, A. R.

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - The objective of this investigation was to assess the use of experimentally estimated wall shear stresses to validate numerically predicted results. The most commonly cited haemodynamic factor implicated in the disease initiation and proliferation processes at graft/artery junctions is wall shear stress (WSS). WSS can be determined from the product of the viscosity of the fluid and the wall shear rate. Numerically, the wall shear rate is predicted using velocity values stored in the computational cell near the wall and assuming zero velocity at the wall. Experimentally, the wall shear rate is estimated by applying a curve-fit to near-wall velocity measurements and evaluating the shear rate at a specific distance from the wall. When estimating the wall shear rate from the laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) point velocity measurements, large differences between the experimentally estimated and numerically predicted WSSs were introduced. It was found that the estimated WSS distributions from the experimental results are highly dependent on the curve-fitting method used to calculate the wall shear rate. However, the velocity profiles for both the experimental and numerical investigations show extremely good comparison. It is concluded that numerical models should be validated using unprocessed LDA point velocity measurement and not estimated WSS values.

AB - The objective of this investigation was to assess the use of experimentally estimated wall shear stresses to validate numerically predicted results. The most commonly cited haemodynamic factor implicated in the disease initiation and proliferation processes at graft/artery junctions is wall shear stress (WSS). WSS can be determined from the product of the viscosity of the fluid and the wall shear rate. Numerically, the wall shear rate is predicted using velocity values stored in the computational cell near the wall and assuming zero velocity at the wall. Experimentally, the wall shear rate is estimated by applying a curve-fit to near-wall velocity measurements and evaluating the shear rate at a specific distance from the wall. When estimating the wall shear rate from the laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) point velocity measurements, large differences between the experimentally estimated and numerically predicted WSSs were introduced. It was found that the estimated WSS distributions from the experimental results are highly dependent on the curve-fitting method used to calculate the wall shear rate. However, the velocity profiles for both the experimental and numerical investigations show extremely good comparison. It is concluded that numerical models should be validated using unprocessed LDA point velocity measurement and not estimated WSS values.

KW - Computational fluid dynamics

KW - Curve-fitting

KW - Laser Doppler anemometry

KW - Wall shear stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037245249&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1243/09544110360579286

DO - 10.1243/09544110360579286

M3 - Article

C2 - 12666774

AN - SCOPUS:0037245249

SN - 0954-4119

VL - 217

SP - 77

EP - 90

JO - Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine

JF - Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine

IS - 2

ER -